The State of the Union has been given every year since George Washington delivered the first in 1790. But for the 112 years following 1801, during Thomas Jefferson's term in office, it was simply written on paper. Jefferson found the address to the nation too "monarchical" -- the kind of a speech a king gives. And that, of course, is exactly why modern presidents like it.
Each year presidents offer a litany of promises. Some -- such as Kennedy's pledge to be "first on the moon" in 1962 -- were met.
Many were not. Among them were Richard Nixon in 1974 saying, "I have no intention whatever of ever walking away from the job that the people elected me to do," and Lyndon Johnson's declaration of "unconditional war on poverty in America."
Citing the speech in his own 1988 State of the Union, Ronald Reagan quipped, "poverty won."
President Bush and his team of three speech writers have been honing this year's State of the Union address -- his last -- since December. Much of it was written in a speech writer's office in the Eisenhower Executive Office Building next to the White House.
The president read the first draft on his Middle East trip two weeks ago. Speechwriters say he's been scribbling his changes in the margins and has been practicing for a week in the White House family theater, preparing for the one annual day of pomp when even a lame-duck president reigns.
"They say that politics is show business for ugly people," Michael Waldman, a former speech writer for President Bill Clinton who is now at the Brennan Center for Justice, told ABC News. "And if that's true, then the State of the Union is kind of the Academy Awards."
Like the Oscars, the speech is often full of drama, as in 1997, when the wrong speech was loaded in President Clinton's teleprompter, leaving him to ad lib the introduction as staffers raced to load the right version.
This year's speech bears some parallels to Reagan's final address, noted former Reagan speech writer Clark Judge.
"We were down in the polls," Judge said. "We had a foreign policy problem that we were largely solving."
With President Clinton, writing the speech was often a crash, as shown in a television program that was often loosely based on the Clinton administration.
"When 'The West Wing' shows speech writers working all night with rings under their eyes under enormous pressure -- everybody wants to get in the act -- it really is pretty accurate," Waldman said. "The only thing that's not accurate is that they look a lot more glamorous at two in the morning than the real speech writers do."
White House officials say this president has had the speech pretty well finished for days. And he is expected to limit his speech to a handful of issues -- rejecting smaller issues he calls "cram-ins."
He is expected to urge Congress to reauthorize the Federal Intelligence Surveillance Act and to pass the economic stimulus plan he worked out with House leaders.
"We think that we can get a bipartisan package out very quickly," White House economic advisor Ed Lezear told ABC News in an interview. "The president will be speaking to this tomorrow."
He is also expected to talk about what he can achieve in the last year. That probably means giving up on ambitious new programs, such as the proposals for major overhauls of Social Security and immigration of past years.
The president does have an overarching theme for the address.
"He did say 'I'd like to give a speech on, you know, how my governing philosophy is trusting the people," chief White House speech writer William McGurn told ABC News.
Veterans say there is a key to what works.
"Genuine is better," Judge said. "It's got to be, at the end of the day, where the president wants to go, and he's got to believe in it and the administration needs to be behind it. And you've got to be addressing real issues of the day or you're just selling cotton candy with lots of empty calories."
You can watch Monday's State of the Union address on ABC 30 beginning at 6pm. You can also watch it right here on our website abc30.com.
Because of Monday's State of the Union address we have a programming note to tell you about.
Beginning at 5pm you can watch Action News Live at 5. At 5:30, Charles Gibson will anchor World News.
Then at 6pm, President Bush will speak to the nation in the State of the Union address.
Following the speech and Democratic response, there will be a special edition of Action News beginning at 7:30.