Iraq, 5 years on: Key facts and figures

Current U.S. troop levels (as of 3/6/2008): 159,000

Source: Brookings Institute, Defense Department


U.S. military deaths: 3,980 (Defense Department)

Non-Iraq civilians killed since May 2003: 504 (Brookings Institute)

Journalists killed in Iraq, including media workers such as drivers and interpreters: 174 (Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

U.S. troops wounded in action since March 2003: 29,275 (Defense Department)

Iraqi civilians: 81,964- 89,448 (Iraq Body Count)


Cost for Operation Iraqi Freedom: $406.2 billion

Average monthly spending in Iraq: $9.2 billion

Source: CRS Report for Congress, The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11

Oil Production

Average daily oil production:

Prewar: 2.5 millions of barrels/day

March 2008: 2.3 million barrels/day, with daily exports of 1.8 billion barrels/day

Source: Department of Defense

Oil revenue export in 2007: $41 billion

Oil revenue from exports (since June 2003): $125.3 billion

Attacks on Iraqi oil and gas pipelines, installations and personnel since 2003: 466

Source: Department of Defense, Brookings Institute


Core inflation in 2007 was 12.28 percent, compared to 31.92 percent in 2006

GDP: The Iraqi economy is projected to grow 7 percent in 2008 and reach an estimated GDP of $60.9 billion.

GDP numbers in 2007 N/A

Source: Department of Defense

Unemployment and underemployment

17.6 percent to 38.1 percent, with unemployment in some provincial levels as high as 50 percent. Source: Defense Department

The Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs estimates that the number of unemployed Iraqis is now at 1.2 million, but other estimates are twice that number. (Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction)

Estimates of Iraq's unemployment rate varies, but the Brookings Institute estimates it to be between 25 percent and 40 percent.

Health Care

Nearly half of the 34,000 registered physicians have left the country after sectarian threats and violence, impeding health- care delivery. (Defense Department)

92 of the 137 primary health-care centers (PHCs) planned for construction are completed, with 50 in operation. (Defense Department)

An additional 28 completed hospitals are waiting to be open because there aren't enough medical personnel to work in them. (Defense Department)


Number of Iraqi physicians registered before the 2003 invasion: 34,000

Estimated number of Iraqi physicians who have left since 2003 invasion: 17,000

Estimated number of Iraqi physicians murdered since 2003 invasion: 2,000

Average salary of an Iraqi physician: 7.5 million Iraqi dinars per year (or $5,100)

Annual graduates from Iraqi medical schools: 2,250 Source: Brookings Institute


Prewar: Hours of daily electricity nationwide (estimated) 4-8

Feb. 26, 2008: Hours of daily electricity nationwide: 9.7

Prewar: Hours of daily electricity in Baghdad (estimated): 16 to 24

Feb. 26, 2008: Hours of daily electricity in Baghdad: 7.5

Source: Brookings Institute, Defense Department

Internet Subscribers Prewar: 4,500 (estimated) April 2007: 261,000 Source: Brookings Institute Telephones

Prewar: 833,000

March 13, 2007: 1,111,000

Prewar cell phones: 80,000

Jan. 30, 2008: 10,000,000

Source: Brookings Institute, The Associated Press


Prewar: 12.9 million people had potable water

Jan. 20, 2008: 20.4 million people have potable water

Source: AP, Brookings Institute


Prewar: 6.2 million people served

Jan. 20, 2008: 11.3 million people served

Source: AP

Internal Refugees

Number of internally displaced persons as of April 2007: 1,907,384

Source: Brookings Institute, U.N. High Commission on Refugees

Iraqi Refugees

More than 4.6 million Iraqis have been displaced, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

(Note: Not all Iraqi refugees fled because of the current war)

Iraqi refugees abroad: 2.2 million to 2.4 million

Iraqi refugees in Jordan: 700,000 to 750,000

Iraqi refugees in Egypt, Lebanon, Iran: 175,000 to 200,000

Iraqi refugees in Gulf states: 200,000

Source: Brookings Institute, UNHCR


Primary enrollment in 2007: 46 percent UNICEF, Ministry of Education

Inadequate facilities across the country made it hard for students to learn, with classes interrupted by violence and displacement. Problems with electricity left many to study by hurricane lamps. Lack of air conditioning in class left many to swelter in heat. UNICEF

Girls make up an estimated 63 percent of children not in school, with more being kept from the classroom every day because of insecurity and rising social conservatism in many areas. UNICEF

220,000 children were displaced by the end of 2007 and a lack of proper documentation prevented re-enrollment in many areas adding to high drop-out rates of up to 5 percent for primary levels. UNICEF, Ministry of Education

At Baghdad University for the 2007-2008 school year, attendance improved to 80 percent and many teachers returned to instruct. Brookings Institute, Washington Post

Number of Iraqi teachers since March 2003: 450,000 Ministry of Education

Number of teachers nationwide now versus before the war is unknown, but a score of them have fled the country to escape violence. Michael O'Hanlon, Brookings Institute

Total number of schools nationwide: 15,021 schools. Ministry of Education

Shortage of schools: 496 Ministry of Education

Mud schools (schools without proper construction, made out of mud): 1,200 Ministry of Education

Iraq's Children

An estimated 2 million Iraqi children in Iraq continue to face threats including poor nutrition, disease and interrupted education. UNICEF

In 2007, only 40 percent of children nationwide had reliable access to safe drinking water, and only 20 percent outside Baghdad had a working sewage service. UNICEF

A report by WHO in March 2007 said 30 percent of Iraqi children were showing classic signs of anxiety and distress, including bed-wetting, poor concentration and violence. UNICEF

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