FRESNO, Calif. (KFSN) -- This year alone, 16,000 children under the age of 19 will be diagnosed with cancer. Although cancer in children is rare and not well understood, it is the leading cause of disease-related death among children and teenagers. But, the outlook is improving thanks to cutting edge research at the genetic level. That research could be medicine's next big thing.
Five-year-old Elizabeth Eastham has just finished a round of chemotherapy to treat kidney cancer. It's a tough battle, but Elizabeth's mom knows today's discoveries may bring tomorrow's hope.
"With what they find with your child can help another child later on would be fantastic," Elizabeth's mother, Angela Eastham told ABC30.
Dr. Hao Zhu is researching how pediatric cancers develop on the genetic level. He's pinpointed a gene that contributes to childhood cancers like neuroblastoma, Wilms tumor and liver cancer.
"And what we hope to do is to discover specific genetic targets for novel drugs to kill cancers without hurting the rest of the body," Hao Zhu, M.D., Assistant Professor Children's Research Institute at UT Southwestern told ABC30.
In laboratory mice, Dr. Zhu has found that the lin28 gene, which normally contributes to embryonic growth, also plays a role in cancer formation in fully developed juveniles.
Dr. Zhu explained, "We hope one day to be able to treat and diagnose cancers better in children."
"You don't want this for your child," said Eastham. "But you know that everything is in God's plan, and you know he saw us through this entire process and kept our strength up, and everyone's strength up around us to keep going and face one day at a time."
It may be years from the laboratory to the patient, but this discovery, published in the journal Cancer Cell, gives researchers hope that understanding how cancer works will lead to better treatments for children in the future.
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Children's Research Institute at UT Southwestern
Cancer gene: Medicine's next big thing?
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