The new data ended a streak of 12 straight months in which the U.S. economy added at least 400,000 jobs.
The moderately lower but robust job growth comes as the Federal Reserve is raising interest rates in an effort to bring down sky-high inflation.
"This economy needs to cool to get inflation under control and that is happening," said Edward Moya, a senior market analyst at broker OANDA.
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The number of long-term unemployed, those who remain unemployed for 27 weeks or more, fell to 1.4 million but was 245,000 higher than pre-pandemic levels in February 2020.
The labor force participation rate, a measure of working-age Americans who hold jobs or are actively looking for one, inched up to 62.7% in May, suggesting that some workers still remain on the sidelines.
"Companies are still struggling to hire from a limited pool of workers," Art Hogan, chief market strategist at National Securities Corporation, said in a note. "That said, persistently high inflation combined with a falling savings rate may lure more Americans to work in the coming months."