Police in Anderson began investigating Amber Portwood after a September episode showed the 20-year-old slapping, choking and kicking the 24-year-old father of her daughter.
Portwood was arrested on Monday and jailed under a 24-hour hold until Tuesday afternoon.
Police say that the child neglect charges stem from Portwood's then-1-year-old daughter being present during two filmed instances of domestic violence.
An official with the Indiana Department of Child Services said dozens of viewers called the state's child abuse hotline to report Portwood's outbursts.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.