Recalls in California are convoluted, at times comical, and this time around - expensive. Confused about what comes next? When and how to cast your vote? We're breaking down everything you need to know about the 2021 California governor's recall election.
Why is Gov. Newsom being recalled?
The recall petition was introduced in February 2020, before the COVID-19 pandemic took hold in California. The reasons stated on the recall petition don't actually have anything to do with Newsom's handling of coronavirus.
The petitioners' grievances include:
"Laws he endorsed favor foreign nationals, in our country illegally, over that of our own citizens. People in this state suffer the highest taxes in the nation, the highest homelessness rates, and the lowest quality of life as a result. He has imposed sanctuary state status and fails to enforce immigration laws. He unilaterally over-ruled the will of the people regarding the death penalty. He seeks to impose additional burdens on our state by the following; removing the protections of Proposition 13, rationing our water use, increasing taxes and restricting parental rights."
There's a lot to unpack there, from immigration to homelessness to property taxes. But things really picked up steam after the coronavirus pandemic.
Some critics say Newsom was too slow to reopen industries after the state crushed the curve in the spring of 2020. On the other side of the spectrum, some say Newsom wasn't strict enough with shutdown measures, which lacked enforcement or consequences for rulebreakers.
The lightning rod came in November 2020 when it was revealed that Newsom attended a birthday party at the Michelin-starred restaurant French Laundry. The gathering included people from several different households and took place in an enclosed area - the type of gathering Newsom had been telling Californians to avoid.
What's next in the recall effort?
More than 1.6 million Californians signed the recall petition - well over the 1.495 million verified signatures needed to trigger a recall election - but it's still not official yet.
Signatures are still being counted by the counties. That will be followed by a period of time where people can withdraw their signatures from the petition. The deadline to withdraw signatures is June 8. County elections officials have to report the withdrawn signatures to the state by June 22.
After that, if the signatures still hold, election officials have 30 days to come up with a budget. Then there's another 30-day period for the legislature to review that cost estimate.
Only after that will a date for the election be set.
When is the election and how will it work?
A date for the election has not yet been set, but it will most likely be this fall.
Californians will have the option to vote in person during the recall election or vote by mail. On the ballot, voters will be asked two separate questions. First, voters are asked if they want to recall Gov. Newsom, yes or no? If more than 50% of voters vote no, then Newsom stays in office.
In the second part of the ballot, voters are asked to pick a replacement in the event the recall passes. Voters will likely have a long list of people to choose from.
Who is running to replace Newsom?
The list keeps growing of people hoping for a shot at the state's top spot. So far, several people have jumped into the fray, some more serious than others. Here's who has filed a "statement of intention" to run so far:
- John Cox, businessman (Republican)
- Rep. Doug Ose, former California congressman (Republican)
- Caitlyn Jenner, former Olympic athlete and transgender celebrity activist (Republican)
- Adam Hadjinian (No Party Preference)
- James Hanink, former professor (No Party Preference)
- Luis Huang, former Irvine mayoral candidate (Democrat)
- Chauncey Killens (Republican)
- Paul Kurdian (No Party Preference)
- Robert Newman II (Republican)
- Patrick Rakus, Jr. (Republican)
- Sarah Stephens, pastor and motivational speaker (Republican)
- Joe Symmon (No Party Preference)
There are also a few prominent people who've announced they are running, but haven't yet filed the paperwork with the state:
- Kevin Faulconer, former San Diego Mayor (Republican)
- Sam Gallucci, pastor and former tech entrepreneur (Republican)
- Major Williams, former candidate for Mayor of Pasadena (Republican)
- Mando Perez-Serrato, Southern California sporting goods store owner (Democrat)
- Mary Carey, former adult film star and 2003 gubernatorial candidate (No Party Preference)
- Jeff Hewitt, Riverside County supervisor (Libertarian)
Finally, there are even more people who it's speculated could run. Those include former Acting Director of National Intelligence, Richard Grenell; former Los Angeles mayor Antonio Villaraigosa; actor Randy Quaid; model Angelyne; and even rapper Kanye West.
Newsom is not allowed to run as a replacement candidate.
Who is allowed to run in a recall?
The barrier to enter the recall election is relatively low. According to the California Secretary of State's office, a person who wishes to run in the recall election of a governor must be a U.S. citizen, registered to vote in California and not convicted of a felony involving bribery.
There's also a filing fee and signature requirement. A person who wants to be on the ballot must pay nearly $4,000 ($3,916.12 to be exact) and gather at least 65 signatures. Gathering 7,000 signatures waves the filing fee entirely.
"Running in the California recall may be the best bargain there is in terms of seeking fame and fortune," Carla Marinucci, author of POLITICO's California Playbook, explained. "It only costs $4,000 to get on the ballot and that gets you and your message before 22 million California voters."
When will we know who wins?
Like any typical election, we should know once all the ballots are counted.
If a recall does pass and a new governor is chosen, the Secretary of State will then certify the election. The new governor would take the oath of office and assume the position within the next 28 days.
If Newsom wins, he will remain in office at least through 2022. That is when he is up for reelection.
How is Newsom polling?
A March poll by the Public Policy Institute of California of 1,174 likely voters found 56% opposed the recall of Gov. Newsom and 40% support it. The rest were undecided.
Newsom's approval rating has trended upward among Democrats, Republicans and Independents since January, as pandemic restrictions have eased and the vaccine rollout has expanded.
How much is this recall election going to cost?
The short answer: A lot.
There is no official estimate yet, but the California Association of Clerks and Elections Officials projects the total cost for the recall election could be as much as $400 million - or about $18 per person.
How often has this happened in California?
Not very often. Governor Newsom is only the second governor in California history to face a recall election. The first was in 2003 with Gov. Gray Davis, who was successfully recalled and removed from office.
Newsom is only the fifth governor in U.S. history to face a recall election. The first was North Dakota's Lynn J. Frazier in 1921, who was successfully recalled.
In 1988, Arizona's governor Evan Mecham faced a recall election but was impeached and removed from office before the scheduled date. In 2012, Wisconsin's governor Scott Walker faced a recall election and survived.
WATCH: Total Recalled: Story of America's largest, wildest recall election
How does this recall compare to 2003?
It's easy to want to draw comparisons between the recall in 2003 and the recall now. Both recalls gained steam due to crises facing the state. For Davis, it was the electricity crisis and frustration over rolling blackouts. For Newsom, it was the COVID-19 pandemic and his handling of the lockdown.
Both races have also seen celebrity candidates jump into the race. Although, perhaps none are as famous as former Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger, who ran and won in 2003.
Which brings us to the differences - and there are some significant ones that Democrats hope will work to Newsom's advantage.
California has shifted dramatically since 2003. Republicans are no longer the second largest party in the state. They are now third following Democrats and No Party Preference.
There's also a difference in approval of the two governors. Davis had an approval rating lower than 30% during his recall election. A January survey from the Public Policy Institute of California showed Newsom's approval rating still at more than 50% support.
Take a look at the latest stories and videos about the California governor recall.