President Bush Will Address the Nation Tonight

Republican officials said Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson had agreed to demands from critics in both parties to limit the pay packages of executives whose companies would benefit from the proposed bailout. That has been an emotional sticking point in the struggle to win congressional approval of the historic rescue of the financial industry, though the "golden parachute" money involved would be relatively insignificant compared with the huge sums being talked about.

Bush, who says the massive government intervention is needed to stave off economic catastrophe, planned to talk to the American people Wednesday night about how the crisis affects them, said White House press secretary Dana Perino.

Wall Street, down sharply the past two days, basically marked time, waiting for the next shoe to drop.

The heart of the unprecedented plan, dramatically unveiled less than a week ago, involves the government buying up sour assets of tottering financial firms to keep them from going under and to stave off a potentially severe recession and the accompanying lost jobs and further home foreclosures.

The crisis is hardly limited to the United States. Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke, who warned senators on Tuesday that they must act or face recession, was back on Capitol Hill Wednesday saying that global financial markets are under "extraordinary stress."

Lawmakers in both parties have strenuously objected to the plan over the past two days, Republicans complaining about federal intervention in private business and Democrats pressing to tack on help for beleaguered homeowners.

Paulson, who with Bernanke heard hours of withering criticism at a hearing on Tuesday, met for the second day with House Republicans, some of whom have announced their opposition to any federal bailout of the private financial markets that form the backbone of American capitalism.

Other Republicans appear to be more open to legislation, according to congressional and administration officials, although on different terms than the White House has proposed. Still, most majority Democrats and minority Republicans say something must be done -- and will be soon.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi met with administration officials and then told reporters, "We're moving in a productive direction." She declined to discuss specifics.

Amid speculation that votes on any legislation could slip into next week, she said, "We'll finish it when it's ready. I'd rather it be sooner rather than later."

She has insisted Republican lawmakers must stand up for their own president's proposal, but they appear anything but eager to do so.

"It's a tough sell to most of our members," said Rep. Tom Davis, R-Va., after a closed-door meeting with Paulson and Bernanke. "It's a terrible plan, but I haven't heard anything better."

Compounding the administration's challenge, Republicans and Democrats both say Bush has lost credibility, particularly in cases where he argues there will be dire consequences if Congress doesn't act.

"They sold the war, they sold the stimulus package and some other things. It's the 'wolf at the door"' argument, Davis said.

The presidential campaign added yet another layer of complexity.

Some Democrats expressed concern that they would side with the unpopular Bush, only to have Republican presidential candidate John McCain oppose the measure and try to ride his opposition to victory over Barack Obama.

So far, neither McCain nor Obama has indicated how he would vote on the measure.

Democrats also have called for greater protection for taxpayers, possibly by requiring that the government receive partial ownership -- and a share of future profits -- of companies that accept help through the proposed bailout.

Additionally, they want to allow bankruptcy judges to rewrite mortgages to ease the burden on consumers who are facing foreclosure.

Another demand, for provisions that give Congress greater authority over the bailout, have already been accepted in principle.

For their part, some Republicans have called for a suspension of the capital gains tax to free money for investment. Even some of the supporters of the bailout sounded less than enthusiastic.

"It's not my job to just echo people being mad. I'm going to choose the bad choice over the catastrophic choice," said Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C.

Paulson has been negotiating for days with Democrats over the legislation, and key details, including the limits on "golden parachutes" for departing executives, have not yet been finalized, said Treasury spokeswoman Brookly McLaughlin. She said, "Discussions are ongoing on this and a number of issues."


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