SAN FRANCISCO -- As most of California has moved into Phase 3 of reopening, the state is once again seeing COVID-19 cases and hospitalizations rise dramatically.
The Department of Public Health has a watch list of counties that are being monitored for worsening coronavirus trends. In each case, the state is working with local health departments to identify the source of the problem and provide assistance as needed.
There are six criteria that will land a county on the watch list:
- Doing fewer than 150 tests per 100,000 residents daily (over a 7-day average)
- More than 100 new cases per 100,000 residents over the past 14 days...
- Or having more than 25 new cases per 100,000 residents and an 8% test positivity rate
- 10% or greater increase in COVID-19 hospitalized patients over the past 3 days
- Fewer than 20% of ICU beds available
- Fewer than 25% ventilators available
If a county is on the watch list for three days or longer, the state will order them to roll back reopening, Gov. Gavin Newsom said.
The following counties are currently on the state's list for "targeted engagement":
Alameda County: Even though Alameda County has reopened slower than every other county in the Bay Area, the county says it's still feeling the effects of reopening because county residents work and socialize across county lines. They've seen a steady rise in cases over the past several weeks as a result. Public health officials think socializing without masks is also contributing to a rise in COVID-19 cases, as is increased transmission among health care workers.
Butte County: Elevated disease transmission is likely due to increased private gatherings and outbreaks at congregate living facilities. "While they have experienced an increase in cases and hospitalizations have increased slightly, the number of COVID patients in ICU have remained low and the hospitals are not concerned about surge at this time," the state says.
Colusa County: Increased transmission in Colusa County has been traced back to increased family and social gatherings, the state says. To combat the spread of the virus, the county must increase contact tracing and post daily on social media about the importance of face coverings and social distancing.
Contra Costa County: Contra Costa was added to the watch list, taken off for a few days, and now is back on. An increase in hospitalization is what's concerning here. The state advises Contra Costa holds off on reopening more businesses, such as indoor dining, gyms and movie theaters.
Fresno County: Fresno is in trouble for "elevated disease transmission," especially in skilled nursing facilities and Avenal State Prison. (While the prison is in Kings County, some of its employees live in Fresno and have brought the virus back into the community). Controlling outbreaks at those congregate facilities is key to getting Fresno off the list, DPH says.
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Glenn County: Increased social gatherings, one church gathering and one traveler from Mexico are driving increased transmission in Glenn County. In response, the county needs to ramp up testing, contact tracing and the speeding up how they handle suspected cases.
Imperial County: DPH is attributing the problem in Imperial County to two factors: "U.S. citizens coming across the Mexican border seeking healthcare" and inadequate hospital staffing. The county is being asked to ramp up testing, contact tracing, transport patients to hospitals in other counties and create more alternative care sites.
Kern County: Kern County was removed from the watch list on July 13, then added back the following week. The recent spike in cases is partially due to an "exponential expansion" in testing, the state says, as well as outbreaks in nursing homes and prisons. Multi-household social gatherings are also contributing to increased transmission. The county is working to control outbreaks at nursing homes and prisons, plus continue outreach to the community about the importance of disease prevention.
Kings County: Not only is there elevated disease transmission and rising hospitalization in Kings County, but hospitals are also getting worryingly close to capacity. An outbreak at Avenal State Prison has spread the virus throughout the community, plus Kings County hospitals have admitted patients from other areas. Action items include getting the prison outbreak under control, as well as making sure hospitals are properly equipped to treat patients and protect staff.
Los Angeles County: One reason Los Angeles County has nearly half of the state's COVID-19 cases is because of its huge population and the fact that it's doing so much testing. Still, the county is being asked to keep a close eye on positivity rates as an indicator that community transmission is on the rise. They're also testing every resident and staff member at all 235 skilled nursing facilities in the county.
Madera County: There are two main concerns in Madera County: increased transmission and limited hospital capacity. Social gatherings, large household transmission and workplace transmission are likely to blame, officials say. In addition to public messaging on curbing COVID-19 spread, the county is also being told to prepare for increased hospital capacity by setting up alternative care sites and working with nearby counties to transfer patients.
Marin County: The spike in cases in Marin is largely due to a massive outbreak at San Quentin State Prison and elevated transmission among the county's Latinx community. The county needs to work with the corrections department to get the San Quentin outbreak under control and to make sure those in vulnerable communities have access to testing and care.
Merced County: Merced has seen outbreaks traced back to work settings and large household, particularly in the Latinx community, the county says. To mitigate the situation, the county will increase multilingual messaging on the importance of testing and face coverings. They're also going to work to make businesses safer so they don't have to shut down.
Mono County: About 95% of the county's COVID-19 cases are in one place: Mammoth Lakes. The county says most of the transmission is in the restaurant and tourism industries. The county believes that increased tourism has brought in more people, led to more gatherings, and thus increased transmission. The county only has one hospital with only two ICU beds, but isn't overloaded so far.
Monterey County: Community and workplace transmission are both on the rise in Monterey County, according to the public health department. The county's action items include more testing, more contact tracing and expanding outreach to communities disproportionately affected by COVID-19.
Napa County: The spike in cases in Napa has had a disproportionate impact on agricultural workers in the community, health officials say. Key drivers include increased social gatherings, crowded households and community spread. The county is being told to boost messaging on mask wearing and social distancing and to do better contact tracing, including the hiring of bilingual case investigators.
Orange County: Hospitalizations are on the rise in Orange County because of increased gatherings, workplace transmission and congregate living facilities. The county will be "collaborating with cities and the business community to increase public messaging on the importance of social distancing, not gathering, and mandate face covering," as well as increasing testing.
Placer County: The state says the county is experiencing increased hospitalizations and limited hospital capacity. Placer County is also experiencing an increasing trend in disease transmission. Drivers of increased disease transmission include large households where staying away from others while ill is difficult, community and extended family gatherings, and indoor work environments where physical distancing is difficult.
Riverside County: The state has identified five factors contributing to a rise in cases in Riverside County: outbreaks at prisons and nursing homes; large public protests where people weren't wearing face coverings; patients coming from Imperial County for treatment; patients coming from Northern Baja California for treatment; and an increase in social gatherings. In addition to increasing testing, the county is being told to educate residents on the importance of wearing face coverings.
Sacramento County: "Community transmission due to holiday gatherings amongst large families" has landed Sacramento County on the state's watch list. The county is being asked to increase public messaging about social distancing and face coverings and increase testing in hot spot communities.
San Benito County: New clusters here have been traced back to household contacts, social gatherings and businesses. The county will work with businesses to make sure symptomatic employees stay home and get tested.
San Bernardino County: Increase transmissions here are largely attributable to large gatherings, workplaces, nursing homes, jails and prisons, and patients being transferred from Imperial County. The county needs to ramp up testing, contact tracing and "working with labs and employers to increase turn-around time from diagnosis to isolation." Residents also need to do a better job of wearing face coverings to mitigate spread.
San Diego County: "Widespread disease transmission" lands San Diego on the watch list. As a result, they have closed restaurants, bars and breweries. They are also supposed encouraged outdoor dining and tell young people to follow face covering and social distancing guidelines.
San Francisco County: Cases, positivity rates and hospitalization have more than tripled in San Francisco since early June. The county believes reopening businesses, increased social mixing, and increased infections among lower-wage essential workers have all contributed to the rise. The county has paused its reopening plans indefinitely as a result.
San Joaquin County: The problem in San Joaquin County is a rise in hospitalizations and increasingly limited hospital capacity. The suspected drivers of this are increased social gatherings combined with workplace transmissions, the state says. In response, the county is being told to "increase public messaging on the importance of personal protection measures and the risks involved with mass gatherings in multiple languages."
San Luis Obispo County: The county is seeing an uptick in transmission since reopening businesses that encourage mingling and an "increase in certain community sector perception that the pandemic is not serious." The county is being asked to enforce distancing between patrons and employees at businesses and do rapid turnaround testing for known COVID-19 contacts, among other action items.
Santa Barbara County: Increased gatherings in the northern part of Santa Barbara County are being blamed for a rise in transmission. Curbing community transmission and increasing contact tracing should help, the state says.
Santa Clara County: Santa Clara was added to the list, taken off, then added back on on July 12. Increased hospitalization is the biggest concern here. The spread of the virus is also disproportionately affecting the southern part of the county and East San Jose. The county, which just started reopening gyms, hair salons and tattoo parlors Monday morning, will be forced to almost immediately roll that back. Because they were added back to the state's watch list Sunday, they'll be closing those newly reopened sectors on Wednesday, July 15 at 12:01 a.m.
Santa Cruz County: Santa Cruz was added to the state's watch list on July 25, the county reports. The county has been flagged since Thursday after reporting a continuous rise in positive cases.
Solano County: A large outbreak among farmers who work at Sonoma and Napa vineyards (but live in Solano County) is partially to blame for a rise in COVID-19 cases here. The county says those cases are in the "many dozens." Other cases can also be traced back to family and social gatherings on weekends. The county is being told to educate workers on social distancing using Spanish translators and work with businesses to ensure working conditions are safe.
Sonoma County: The county is now on the state's watch list after a surge of new cases. Restaurants, wineries and tasting rooms can not operate indoors. The county health order also includes movie theaters, family entertainment centers, zoos, museums and card rooms. Bars, clubs, breweries and brewpubs must close whether they operate indoors or outdoors. The order will remain in effect through at least August 2.
Stanislaus County: Stanislaus County is experiencing an "increase in outbreaks and clusters related to family gatherings, businesses (in and out of county) and healthcare facilities." Health officials believe people may not be following face covering and social distancing guidelines. The county is also being asked to increase rapid contact tracing in order to isolate positive cases more quickly before they spread widely.
Sutter County: Yuba and Sutter counties are experiencing elevated disease transmission. Drivers of this include household clusters relating to friend and family gatherings and workplace transmissions. Forty percent of new cases are of unknown origin due to people not able or not willing to provide information on the source of exposure.
Tulare County: Tulare County is interesting because not only are they reporting more coronavirus transmission, but also "Increased hospitalizations and ICU utilization have been related to multiple conditions other than COVID-19." Preventing outbreaks at nursing homes and increasing public awareness are two action items for the county.
Ventura County: Increased cases in Ventura County have resulted in increased hospitalizations. Officials believe the increase comes from transmissions at large gatherings, in overcrowded housing, at essential workplaces and at nursing homes. They also believe they are detecting more cases since opening more drive-thru testing facilities. Action items for the county include: enhance contact tracing, make sure nursing facilities have protective equipment and continue messaging on social distancing and hygiene.
Yolo County: Increased social gatherings and workplace transmission are to blame for a rise in cases, but so is the expansion of testing at nursing homes, the state says. The county is being asked to better enforce health and safety measures, as well as boost outreach to residents regarding face covering mandates.
Yuba County: Yuba and Sutter counties are experiencing elevated disease transmission. Drivers of this include household clusters relating to friend and family gatherings and workplace transmissions. Forty percent of new cases are of unknown origin due to people not able or not willing to provide information on the source of exposure.
This story will be updated as counties are added and removed from the list. You can find more information from the California Department of Public Health.
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